Sunday, February 23, 2020

Fashion PR Article Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words

Fashion PR - Article Example The present paper endeavors to critically analyze the applicability of known dictums in public relations to the fashion industry after carefully understanding the development of public relations in the industry from earlier times in history. The development of public relations strategies in fashion industry came about around the 1930s, when members of the elite and wealthy class could afford to select and pick designer wearables like garments, gowns, wigs, glasses, bracelets, umbrellas and so on. By then, distinct fashion magazines were already available in print in the urban society and photos were being printed to create cover pages for the magazines. Fashion was not just restricted to apparels and what a person wore, but was also found in home dà ©cor and accessories. By the 1960s, a more important trend of identifying and portraying the volatility of the industry began and is popular till today. Amongst the first examples of use of public relation strategy in promoting fashion p roducts, we find a localization of power as a particular news house would ask members of its elite class or Hollywood actors and actresses who are members of the book house or publishing house to wear creations of known designer members of the same society, at events and functions where they would get noticed and clicked. This way, the publishing houses hoped to keep glamour and glitz showcased on people associated with them. One such example is seen when Eleanor Lambert in 1950 asks Joan Crawford to sport.

Thursday, February 6, 2020

The Implication of Cultural Diversity in American schools Essay

The Implication of Cultural Diversity in American schools - Essay Example majority of the population diversity was white alone that was represented 72% while the minority was American Indian and Alaska Native represented 0.9%. However, the African American census made up about 13% and the Hispanics numbering totaled 16%. The Asian population increased faster than other groups. Despite the changes in the education sector within the last decade, we still needed to concentrate the ethnic diversity in classrooms. That means we cannot eradicate the immigration’s issues by segregated the students, on the contrary; it is most significant to integrate different cultural ethnic. Actually, the educator must have various styles of teaching that he/she will have to educate children from different backgrounds and beliefs. So that, the teachers and the education programs with each other can work to create modify which is helpful for the different groups of learner in the schools. No doubt, educators will face some challenges to educate different students from dif ferent cultures (De 88). In retrospect, cultural diversity in American schools is the surest way of eliminating cultural discrimination since learners grow up into holistic individuals who appreciate cultural diversity in the society. As the students interact among themselves, they overcome some of the existing stereotypes thereby create social circles that are culturally diverse. This way, they share values and learn to respect each other despite the diversities in their respective cultures. Every cultural group always uses its cultural values to judge other cultures a feature that may often lead to discrimination (Phelan 76). With cultural diversity on the other hand, the students experience other cultures thus creating a cohesive system especially given the fact that schools just as any other organization often create systematic organizational

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Environmental issues and policies in Madagascar Essay Example for Free

Environmental issues and policies in Madagascar Essay With the world’s population growing constantly and with human needs and desires growing pretty fast, we feel like every year there is less and less room for us to live on and it takes more and more effort for us to calmly and amicably share room and resources with our neighbors. In fact, it is too early to speak about global overpopulation, since there are still vast expanses of yet uninhabited land, to say nothing of the ability of humans, with the help of innovative technological facilities, to promptly acclimatize under extreme conditions. However, in many countries (particularly in third-world countries) some emigrational tendencies that are mostly dictated by economic and social factors, are creating quite a plausible picture of our future world, revealing the most likely and formidable phenomena we may face in future. Some large cities are experiencing serious problems related to rapidly increasing inflow of countrymen who, for various reasons, are forced to leave countryside and look for a better life in cities. Over the past few decades, most economies have been developing in such a way as to provide propitious conditions for rapid urbanization. Industrial development plus numerous revolutionary technological breakthroughs that took place in the twentieth century have resulted in the appearance of large factories. The growing demand for paid workforce has attracted country dwellers, leading to massed withdrawal of human resources from rural areas. In terms of personal affluence, the concentration of social and economic activity in the city has made urban environment more attractive and promising. Although governments of some countries have realized the danger of such economic tilts, most rural lands are still experiencing severe shortage of financial support resulting in persistent skepticism of many people about life in the countryside. It is to say, that it takes a lot of innovative thinking and political will on the part of a government to balance out the local economy, as well as the realization of the fact that harsh mandatory or administrative measures imposed on people to make them stay in rural areas alone will not suffice. It will be not before we manage to create economically healthy and prosperous environment in the village that we shall be able to speak about things in the countryside taking a turn for the better. We have considered the negative of withdrawal of human, financial, industrial and technological resources from the village from the standpoint of rural life. This long-lasting tendency seems to be making it hot for cities too. In many cities, especially in world capitals, unending inflow of immigrants seeking wealthy and prospect, has contributed to rapid and uncontrolled population growth, resulting in tough and fierce competition in the sphere of management and acute contradictions between management and hired staff, entailing collisions of interests, progressive social stratification and environmental deterioration. All this has led to a number of doubtful achievements and hazards, which appear to be making city life far less comfortable than it used to be a short while ago. Today, Mexico city is the world’s largest capital, counting about 22 million people. Mexico is a large industrial city, and it appears to be sharing the fate of most industrial centers of the world, barely coping with the influx of countrymen. The acceptance by the Mexican government of certain trading rules in line with international agreements, a paramount condition of the country’s participation in the WTO, has impacted rural economy, causing a dramatic economic collapse in the agricultural sector, resulting from the imbalance between local prices and those imposed by WTO regulations. This has triggered a new spate of internal migration from the countryside to the city. Unfortunately, problems that the city of Mexico has accumulated by now are not limited to overpopulation. It is not the overpopulation itself that poses most serious difficulties, but also ineffectual measures taken by the city government. To say the least, with the inflow so intensive and so evident, the city’s townplanning committee does not seem to be fully taking into account the migration problem, or they simply fail to keep pace with the time. The city infrastructure fails to keep up with the population increase, so people arriving in Mexico take up residence in shabby makeshift homes on the city’s outskirts or in slum districts. These districts lack water and gas supply, sewage, electricity, services, etc. , and there are no advanced waste disposal systems whatsoever. This has resulted in absolutely unfavorable environmental and epidemiologic conditions. Most of garbage and human wastes remain on or close to the surface of the earth, and large parts of it are carried by winds for miles away and into the city. Unsanctioned dumping may spoil water and cause massed poisonings or outbreaks of infection. This in turn directly affects the quality of the food, increasing the risk of its contamination with harmful substances and bacteria. There is another menacing phenomenon resulting from uncontrolled population growth and topped off by the city’s geographic position. Permanent release of carbodyoxide by factories, coupled with the release of automobile waste gases is putting the city on the brink of suffocation. Statistically, automobile emissions make up about 60% of all emissions, and, considering the increasing vehicle ownership, there seems to be no way to reduce automobile emissions. The realization that internal combustion is the greatest contributor to the accumulation of emission gases in the atmosphere has prompted automobile designers to equip vehicles with catalytic converters, but today there are too few such cars to make the effect palpable. The city is placed on a plateau fenced off with high mountain ranges. The cold air arriving from behind the mountains forms a cap over the whole valley preventing the warm and stuffed city air from getting away. This lack of natural convection contributes to the accumulation of harmful emissions in the area and may turn the whole place into a gigantic gas van. The continuing economic growth, extensive factory development and ever-growing population in Mexico City are aggravating the pollution problem. The accumulation of heavy metals in the air can undermine peoples’ health and result in serious progressive hereditary diseases, increasing the occurrence of cancer, chronic poisoning, high infant mortality, cardiovascular diseases, allergic reactions, innate orthopedic malformations, poor cognition and many other physical and mental abnormalities. Progressive intake of harmful substances directly affects the nation’s genetic makeup, and it is hardly possible now to precisely foresee all consequences of these destructive influences. Active use of depths of the earth, resulting from ever-bulging demand for minerals and oil has triggered rapid and unpredictable underground processes, resulting in unstable aquifers and causing much water to go deeper into the ground, making it less reachable. As long as the city is situated in a seismologically unstable region with an active volcano in its direct proximity, further deterioration of the bed may result in disastrous earthquakes, which, in turn, are likely to wake up the volcano and plunge the whole area into an apocalyptic calamity. Apart from the destruction of the bedrock, destruction of aquifers is fraught with the disappearance of water in some places and appearance of excessive amounts of it in others. This may cause lack of water supply and actual drying out of some areas and lead to unexpected floods elsewhere. The formation of empty spaces in the bed has caused some areas to sink significantly over the past few decades, which increases the possibility of flooding. At the same time, the emptying of the aquifers due to extraneous consumption of water by the growing city has led to a dramatic reduction of natural water resources, threatening to leave the whole city without water in the foreseeable future. According to last estimates, every second the city of Mexico takes 7,250 gallons of water, which amounts to an Olympic-size swimming pool per minute. With the consumption of water so intensive, there is a grave possibility that the amount of water remaining in the aquifers will be insufficient. Needless to say, this is much more serious a threat that inability to afford a car or a TV. In some areas, shortage of water is already tangible, and it has resulted in social upheavals. Changes in bedrock structure and the progressive subsidence of the ground can also result in the destruction of sewer and drainage systems, increasing the risk of contaminating fresh water and thus threatening to impair its quality. As we can see, all the aforementioned threats arise from one major phenomenon – overpopulation. Needless to say, increasingly intensive use of water and resources is attributable to population growth and human thirst for relative prosperity and every individual’s desire to occupy his or her niche in the booming economy. However, this brief outline of most significant problems and dilemmas shows that if we continue to use natural resources in the current fashion, the place we live in will soon become absolutely unlivable. In this respect, the city of Mexico can be presented as a small replica of our entire planet, which, with the same tendencies and phenomena persisting, will soon be confronted with similar problems. There is less and less room for industrial and vehicle emission gases and, like it is with the aquifers under Mexico city, the increasing encroachment upon minerals and oil resources is affecting the earth’s bedrock, creating pre-conditions for unpredictable and destructive earthquakes and massive destruction. With the situation so serious and menacing tendencies so evident, many governmental authorities of Mexico City, as well as state authorities express their concern about the country’s future and come up with lots of ideas, which are likely to prove helpful and effective in overcoming these negative tendencies. Whichever idea is the best, just one thing is evident today, and this is the necessity to create positive incentives and favorable conditions for people to live and work in the countryside in order to stem the growth of city population. As air quality issue appears to be the most evident one, the city government has developed a number of solutions aimed at reduction of industrial and vehicle releases into the atmosphere. By incorporating advanced technological systems and usage of higher quality fuel, it is possible to significantly improve air quality. Recently, a state-of-the-art air quality monitoring system has been implemented, so government officials and specialists have obtained control over air quality. Now every vehicle is required to feature advanced converting devices that are capable to cut down the release of toxic substances. In November 1989, the city Government introduced the so called No Driving Day (NDD), when car owners are supposed not to use their vehicles on certain days. The results of this innovation were a considerable reduction of traffic congestion and gasoline use. The use of refined types of fuel and the installation of waste gas purification and vapor recovery equipment are innovative measures regulated by the Clear Air Act Amendments of 1990. Hypothetically, these measures can be instrumental in reducing the amount of vehicle-related chemicals in the air and thus improve air quality. However, these ideas, though effective theoretically, have proven less feasible in reality. As a rule, advanced technological solutions are something than few people can afford, and most people find it less expensive to bribe authorized inspection employees and use old vehicles than purchasing new automobiles or applying expensive technologies. Not infrequently, the cost of implementing new equipment exceeds the size of fines by far, so people prefer to pay fines rather than spend money on equipment. For this reason, the results of the latest innovations have turned out to be less tangible than expected. The NDD policy has also revealed a number of unexpected actions on people’s side. Instead of increased usage of public transportation, Mexico City dwellers found a way around it by purchasing more vehicles in order to have a reserve automobile to be used on No Driving Days. Actually, this nullified the immediate positive tendencies that showed during initial stages of the NDD policy. Other attempts to limit air pollution include increased vehicle ownership taxation and boosting the price of fuels. The advocates of these measures believed that this would discourage people from using cars and thus reduce the impact on the environment. All these measures have proven less effective than expected, since most Mexico residents simply cannot afford new vehicles, to which the new regulations actually spread, and prefer to use old vehicles without having to purchase new equipment. Now, having discussed a few measures that have been taken over the last several years in an attempt to solve the ecological problem, we can see that they are not always applicable or effective. As there is just one major problem that all these issues stem from – the overpopulation – all efforts to change things for the better must be concentrated on solving overpopulation problem. Although mandatory measures, such as inspections, bans, taxation and can have a temporary effect, there is no way to achieve significant improvement in air and water quality but by using wise economical and political instruments. Once again, in order to encourage city dwellers to move to rural areas, healthy economic environment must be created in agricultural regions. This is only feasible through establishing price standards acceptable for country dwellers and creating an ample ground for agricultural business. In other words, in order to stop the growth of city population, we have to make the village no less livable than the city. Unfortunately, very little is being done to improve life in the country, since it would take a decision by the Mexican government to unilaterally withdraw from the WTO, which can entail a conflict with the USA, the founder of the WTO. Today, the Mexican government still prefers to use doubtful methods of forcing the poor to leave the city – by raiding their encampments, as it did in the late 1990s. 1. Phil Hearse. â€Å"MEXICO CITY Environmental Crisis, Socialist Solutions. Environment and Urbanization, Vil. 11, No 1, 53-78 (1999) 2. Ramiro Tovar Landa, 1995. â€Å"Mobile Source Pollution in Mexico City and Market-Based Alternatives† Published by the Cato Institute. Editorial and business offices are located at 1000 Massachusetts Avenue, N. W. , Washington, D. C. , 20001

Monday, January 20, 2020

Free Huckleberry Finn Essays: Race Relations :: Adventures Huckleberry Huck Finn Essays

Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Race Relations  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Humans are fascinated with real life situations, tagged in with fictional story line.   Mark Twain’s novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, describes real life situations, in a fictional story line perfectly.   Twain put the real life happenings of slavery, in a fun and fictional story.   The novel is mainly about the racial relations between each human.   Classes of society, loyalty/friendship, and rebellion shows how the novel evolves into a main theme of Race Relations.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Throughout the history of the world, people have been placed into categories based on their wealth, and all of the worldly possessions that we have.   These classes of society can really make people talk, and act differently towards some people.   In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the novel shows these classes really well.   In the beginning of the novel, we see a little bit of the black class, and how they were treated.   â€Å"Miss. Watson’s big nigger, named Jim, was setting in the kitchen door, we could see him pretty clear† (14).   Jim, Miss. Watson’s run away slave in the story, is part of the black class.   We see the sub ordinance that blacks were placed in America, because blacks were not allowed to be in the house, because they were uneducated, and had to be working in the fields.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   Another example of the classes we put each other into is when Huck, the main character, and Jim were heading south.   Jim and Huck are sitting on the banks of the Mississippi River, and Jim says â€Å"I owns myself en I’s wuth eight hund’d dollars.† (54).   This shows the reader that blacks are so low, that the white people place prices on the blacks.   As uneducated as the blacks are, they believe they are worth so much money, because that is all they hear from their owners.   By doing such a thing to another human being, that degrades our country, and the black citizens themselves.      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚   At the end, we see how these classes can effect one person, due to his social status.   Like before, people say things to other people, to make themselves feel better, and they do not care what it does to the person they are talking about, because of their class in society.   One example of this is when â€Å"They cussed Jim considerably, though, and give him a cuff or two upside the head† (271).

Sunday, January 12, 2020

How to establish the communication Essay

Everyone has different needs and styles in which they communicate. There are also many different ways in which we may establish these communication needs, wishes and preferences. A good way to begin to understand a patient’s needs, wishes and preferences is to read their notes and history’s to see if this contains any relevant information. For example, if I read that a patient has hearing problems, I would then know to make sure that I speak to the patient clearly and slowly and look at them so they can read my lips. Other ways to establish communication needs, wishes and preferences is by interacting with the patient and through conversation I learn how to best communicate with the patient. It is also important to remember to be clear and concise in all forms of communication, especially when working with people with learning disabilities, where they might get confused if I speak too quickly or use too complex language. It may benefit, if this is the case, to use your body language to help explain what you are trying to say and to emphasise the tone of the conversation. Also, pictures can be used to help the patient and myself understand. For example, one of my patients uses cards that display what emotions they are feeling, they will use these to communicate how they are feeling. In the past, I have worked with a patient who is deaf. For me to establish what her needs were, I first spoke to the nurse in charge and they informed me she was deaf, however, could sign or write things down. As I could not sign, our preferred form of communication was writing, which after spending time together worked quite well.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Discuss critically on Age Diversity Management programs in organisations - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 8 Words: 2406 Downloads: 4 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Management Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Diversity may be defined as the presence of differences among members of a social unit and is viewed as a significant factor in social life as countries worldwide become more diverse in terms of the gender, race, ethnicity, age, and national origins (Murray, Karim Fisher 2010, p. 193). Organisations can benefit from workforce diversity by attracting more people from diverse communities regardless of their cultural and ethnic background, age and gender. There are many new benefits like good pay, job security, promotion within the industry of diversified and enhance effectiveness of workforce in Australian organisations where the number of migrants in the workforce from Asia and European countries have increased and especially Gen Y is attracted towards Australia and working in corporate firms and other industries to fill the shortage of skills demand in Australia. More Gen Y is being attracted towards Australia and everyone willing to take advantage of high profile jobs i n the market. From an example we can see in Australia more police officers from different backgrounds have enhanced effectiveness in serving the community where English is their second language and one should be more interactive towards the community. There have been problems in recruiting and retaining the staff with Victoria Police due to diverse backgrounds, but now with proper induction and training people are being retained and encouraged to work with Victoria Police. People from all age groups are being encouraged to apply to Victoria Police and serving the community in best possible way and recruiting the best, but in recent years Gen Y is more attracted towards jobs with Victoria Police. Also people working from different backgrounds and more Gen Y being recruited into the workforce which fulfills the need for better management and overcome other issues such as performance and development that organisations faces (Murray, karim Fisher 2010). Khan et al. (2010) describes diversity in the workplace requires careful management practices and understanding to help the organisation achieve their needs and goals and everyone working in the business meeting their KPIs (Key performance indicators). Some of the elements related to the diversity are commitment to the organisation, respect and fairness and these are found to be correlated to personal attributes to diversity in the workplace. People working at different organisations will have better understanding of how to achieve more positive attitudes to diversity and thus, improve group dynamics in the workplace by targeting these intervening variables in HR policies. The dimensions of diversity include gender, race, culture, age, family/career status, religion, disability, educational qualifications, work experience, languages, and other relevant attributes and experiences that differentiate individuals (Khan et al. 2010, p.290). Khan et al. (2010) suggest that teams that are ethnically diverse do not pro duce benefits but teams which are gender balanced do bring great benefits and has positive team performance outcome. There are some perspectives like integration and learning perspectives outcomes for a diversity policy that provides positive outcomes. There can be different perceptions in different cultures, whether its Gen Y or Baby boomers coming from different backgrounds everyone working towards a problem solving situation leads to great performance. In todays century understanding cultural differences is an important factor in diversity management. If one is comfortable working with people whose age, gender, ethnicity and religion are different to each other, managers have a fair attitude towards them and this ensure employees openly express their concerns about their environment. If there is misunderstanding, lack of communication and language problems teams will suffer more which affects motivation and job performance. (Khan et al.2010) The findings provide useful criteri a for organisational development strategies to assist with the transition from higher education to the workforce and may also improve the success of recruiting Gen Y employees (Hurst Good 2009, p.570). We can see in the retail industry which is the largest facing the challenge of attracting, recruiting and retaining a competent workforce. Retail employment has higher turnover than any other industry and Gen Y are moving towards this industry, which attracts them with positions like retail management, media executives, supervisors, sales personnel, corporate executive. There is a lot of competition between Gen Y but the brightest candidates are being taken up for different roles. In the current trend of diversity management Gen Y are more likely to survive in this increasingly diverse population and workforce. Even university students studying part time or full time prefer working in retail as their first preference and gradually moving on towards managerial roles which they develop through experience. It not only builds their inner motivation towards working at retail but also gain valuable working experience towards retail industry. In the time of economic expansion Gen Y has raised and wants to succeed and seek professional employers for their better growth. Gen Y persuading a career in retail and those who are currently employed in retail stores expects enjoyable work, develop new skills and enjoy good pay. Those employees who are more flexible in adjusting human resource strategies are able to find successful candidates starting from entry retail job, moving up towards different retail careers. (Hurst Good 2009). Looking at the age diversity whether its Gen Y or Baby boomers one should follow the workforce plan for age diversity management and should be an integrated part of the planning process. A workforce plan should include a clear statement of what it is trying to achieve, its details, as well as expected benefits and risks. It covers a wide rang e of activities from individual up to national and international organisations (Curson et al. 2010, p.112). It is being implemented to follow the procedures correctly and accurately and it is adopted by many private sector organisations worldwide as more of Gen Y is coming to the workforce. To achieve gains a workforce resource needs to be used effectively. Demographic factors are crucial to workforce planning. The large corporate companies ensures best graduates are supplied which have strong links with the education sector that carried out workforce planning (Curson et al. 2010) This study shows that multigenerational family firms are an excellent example of age diversity because they have more centralized decision-making in the first generation than in the generations following (Carter Justis 2010, p. 564). Carter Justis (2010) describes family firms are having a significant impact on todays management as business is being carried from one generation to the next and the abil ity to pass the elements of controlling ownership and controlling management. This Study shows multigenerational family members have a great impact on multigenerational family firms as the person is responsible for the continuity of the business. The employees are loyal to the firm and also there is high degree of commitment among family members. Teaching and training is always there to overcome any problems and most of the time success depends on following the dictatorial management styles in which to achieve goals and events. The family firms take effective decisions and control and support those decisions. Some owners in the business see retirement as a loss of power and status but in the business founder retains a significant role. There should be necessary experience, performance and skills for leading the firm. The newcomers who enter the family have to acquire special knowledge and to develop their capabilities. Key components in running an organisation and being a leader amo ng successors are self awareness, influence skills, technical skills and knowledge of the industry. Family firms also show they are more diverse within their business. In successful family business there is more communication and its faster and deeper as the individuals involved know each other better (Carter Justis 2010) As looking on age diversity management Older workers cognitive performance and job attitudes compare adversely to their younger colleagues (Brough et al. 2011, p.105). Brough et al. (2011) describes younger workers are highly skilled in comparison to older colleagues. There are assumptions concerning inadequate performance and low job commitment commonly attributed towards older workers. The main priority is to effectively manage the ageing workforce and ensure economic sustainability for the growing retired population. Factors driving the expansion of a maturing workforce include the ageing of the baby boomer generation, declining fertility rates and increased life expectancy (Brough et al. 2011, p.106). Some of the ageing workers tend to remain in the workforce as due to the financial crisis and economic necessity. There are concerns of declining older workers as Gen Y capture the market of the new mature workforce. There is concern as after the age of 65 and older and with higher life expectancies and a diminishing workforce unable to fully support these retirees. As also the loss of skills and expertise creates a big impact on older workers and there are assumptions that old workers are being less able to cope with changes, being less productive, and are less healthy too. Also with old workers work productivity tends to fall from time to time which results decline in performance and physical capacities. This study shows clearly that Gen Y is more likely to capture the market in the workforce and able to fulfill the employer needs where old workers are less preferred (Brough et al. 2011) The organisations that manage employee divers ity effectively may gain a competitive advantage. An important outcome of a good employee diversity management is increased innovativeness of employees (Treven Mulej 2006, p. 144). Treven Mulej (2007) describes employees who belong to the same professional, age, gender group have similar patterns of behavior. Also effective management diversity and employee differences can add value to the company. It has been observed that the culture in the organisation and the working environment issues are concerns of employee diversity management. Employee diversity management must be based on a co-operation between managers and co workers. Regardless of age, gender or race, employee diversity entails enabling people to perform at their best and it focuses on changing an organisations culture and infrustucture so that highest possible productivity can be achieved. Its been discovered that from all around the world labour forces are becoming diverse, and it gives organisations gain competitive advantage and also it gives Gen Y a chance to explore different opportunities. Employee diversity management can cause creativity, innovation, increased group problem solving, increased sales, lower costs and improved employee attitudes. As employees are the valuable assets of the organisation their knowledge and experiences have to be considered carefully as an effective employee diversity management scheme, as this can influence organisational costs, profits, problem solving and creativity and looking all this factors in mind organisations tend to hire Gen Y from different backgrounds (Treven, Mulej 2006) The purpose of this paper is to assess risks and prospects for older workers and to provide a number of recommendations designed to marshal the interests of employees, business and government. To improve the quality of staff training by means of the learning management system and to build, through blended learning a community of practice among multigenerational staff among d ifferent educational levels and background (Fontanin 2010, p.15). Looking at an example of libraries in universities which are composed of twelve different libraries coming from different departments and faculties until they were grouped into one single system, many of the library assistants are employed for cataloguing and other services. Now the need for libraries is a simple unified centralised service. Often it is the older generations who lack specific education and has to work with qualified people to build a common base of values and goals. People of different age groups work together as Gen Y and baby boomers working collaboratively to offer the services at different locations. People working at libraries have different work values due to differences in age, but also they have their different working conditions, professional experience and educational backgrounds. By blending the service into one system and being more centralised, the library staff can apply skills quickly a nd more efficiently to their daily work and Gen Y and older workers can work together more efficiently and effectively (Fontanin 2010) Jorgensen and Taylor (2008) describes the relationship between demographic ageing, the labour market and economic globalisation in the context of globalisation. In this 21st century we can see a greater change in demographics like birth rates are declining, greater longevity and most of the ageing population. With the emergence of new technology there is sharp change in social, economic and cultural change. We can see that there is a new trend towards ageing population and it raises issues about the management of ageing workforces. Of concern, in western industrialised nations these demographic shifts are predicted to result in labour market skill shortages (Ernst Young, 2006; National Statistics, 2006; Office for an Ageing Australia, 2001). Reports from Governments and institutions in Australia (DEWR, 2005), the USA (Government Accountability Office, 2005: National Academy of Engineering., 2006), the OECD (2000), the ILO (Auer and Fortuny, 2000) and in Europe have each, to name a few, noted that demographic change poses serious challenges for employers and economies in the developed world (Jorgensen and Taylor 2008, p. 24) From this literature review and discussing on age diversity management programs in organisations we can draw a conclusion that blended workforce that reflects diversity could actually be an asset when trying to build cohesion among a multigenerational workforce. It is necessary that the learning experience is carefully planned and the themes treated are related to work experience, because the factor which above all draws different workers together seems to be solving real-world problems. It shows that Gen Y is more preferred in todays world as younger generation tends to bring skills, knowledge, abilities to the workforce. In some instances Gen Y and older people work together efficiently and effec tively to achieve profitable results but older generation tends to lack skills after a particular age and Gen Y comes into the workforce. Also diversity plays an important role in todays world and is being considered when recruiting as it gives a fair go to all people who coming into workforce and tends to bring different skills and abilities. Regardless of age, gender or race diversity entails people to perform at their best. Even businesses are passed from generation to generation as it tends to work in a more centralised manner and there is commitment between family members. One should follow a workforce plan indicating procedures correctly and accurately and it is adopted by many private sector organisations worldwide as more of Gen Y is coming to the workforce. All these above factors are crucial to age diversity management as looking on from all perspectives working conditions, age, organisation value, family businesses and their operations. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Discuss critically on Age Diversity Management programs in organisations" essay for you Create order

Friday, December 27, 2019

Research Proposal Dementia in Older People Early Dignosis...

Dementia-----In older people Public Awareness and Early diagnosis in Leicester (Word Count:5103 words) Submitted in part fulfilment for the award Of Masters in Public Health Submission date: 3rd February 2012 TABLE OF CONTENTS Title . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 I. Abstract. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Chapter One: 1.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 1.2 Background . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .†¦show more content†¦There are many disease processes that culminate in the onset of dementia; the most common of which is Alzheimer’s disease. The syndrome is frequently associated with a progressive decline in brain function and the associated physical and mental abilities, including memory, language and cognitive function. Dementia is a progressive process, with the symptoms and decline in function often worsening, sometimes rapidly, overtime. Although the elderly population are most frequently affected, many younger patients can also be affected. Currently, no cure, be it medical or behavioural, has been isolated, however certain treatments have proved beneficial in delaying the onset or staying off further rapid deterioration. In addition to pharmaceutical treatment modalities, other support and managerial techniques may enable n enhanced quality of life. Early and timely diagnosis is essential in ensuring that management and treatment can be instigated appropriately. With active treatment and assistance, it is possible for many patients to live with dignity, peace and fulfilment. 1.2 Background According to government statistics, approximately 750,000 people in the United Kingdom currently have dementia, with an anticipation that this may rise to close to 1.7 million by 2051. Elderly patients are most frequently diagnosed with